Deadheading flowers is a process that removes the flower head and the developing seed pod from a plant in the hope that it will bloom again. (Basically, you remove dead flowers to make new flowers will bloom in their place.) By removing the flower head and seed pod, a plant will put energy into making new blooms instead of making seeds.
Why It Works:
The goal of a plant is to reproduce. Generally, their entire hope of reproduction is held in their flowers because the flowers are an essential part of the seed making process. When you cut off a flower, the plant gets a little worried it won't be able to reproduce so it sends out a couple more flowers and so on until it has satisfied its goal.
Who to Deadhead:
Plants that respond the most to deadheading are annuals like Zinnias, Marigolds, and Daisies. Google any flower and the word, "deadheading," to check for all the varieties in your garden that can benefit from this process. Some plants, like Impatiens and Petunias deadhead themselves.
How to Deadhead:
Use garden shears or just your fingers to snap the flowers from the stems. Try and get as close as possible to the first leaf that comes after the flower head. If you use garden sheers, remember to keep them clean to avoid transferring diseases from pant to plant.
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